Friday, 29 July 2011

Postcard Friendship Friday 043:Tunisian flag on postcard

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I was arranging my things today when, of all things, I found two postcards tucked in my Harry Potter Deathly Hallows book. I was aghast about having forgotten about these precious postcards. How could I when they were, in fact, my first two postcards from Tunisia! Jeepers! Anyway,  I’m sharing one here:

Tunisian flag on postcard
I rarely accept direct swaps but this one I had no problem accepting. The sender contacted me in December last year but I begged him to postpone the exchange till January as we were having a busy Christmas holiday then.  And we all know what happened in Tunisia in January. Despite the massive riots in the capital, the postcards were successfully sent  and arrived in Cambodia in less than a month. I am also happy to tell you that the sender, Nour, and his family are safe and sound. Merci beaucoup, monsieur!


Tunisia is officially called the Tunisian Republic ( الجمهورية التونسية‎, al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya) located in the northernmost part of Africa . It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. It’s capital is Tunis. In Tunisia, Arabic is the focal language. French is spoken in the media sector, business enterprises and administration departments.

Here are bits of info about the flag of Tunisia which I took from World Flags 101:


Tunisian Flag Description:
The flag of Tunisia consists of a red base with a white outline of a circle in the center. Inside the circle there is a red five pointed star which is based on a white circle and a red crescent.

Tunisian Flag Meaning:
Red is a traditional color of Islam and was the color adopted by the Ottoman Empire who ruled Tunisia from late 16th century until 1881. It also came to represent resistance against Turkish supremacy. The crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam and are also considered to be lucky symbols. The white circle represents the sun.

Tunisian Flag History:
The Tunisian flag was originally adopted between 1831 and 1835, making Tunisia's flag one of the world's oldest flags. However, the Tunisian flag wasn't legislated in constitution until 1959, after Tunisia had gained independence from France on March 20, 1956. The current version of the Tunisian flag was adopted on July 3, 1999.

Interesting Tunisian Flag Facts:
Even though Tunisia resisted against the Ottoman Empire and Turkish rule, the Tunisian flag is very similar to the Turkish flag.

Wednesday, 27 July 2011

Postcard Perfect 022: The heart of Lithuania

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Here’s a beautiful outline mapcard of Lietuva (Lithuania) showing the country’s unique environment and natural resources.


map card of Lithuania

Lithuania is a former Soviet Union state and is now one of the fastest growing countries in Baltic states of Europe. It’s capital, Vilnius, was hailed the European Capital Culture  in  2009.

I am very, very surprised to see the similarity between Lithuania and Cambodia in terms of the shape of each country. Here is Cambodia’s map for comparison:


outline map of lithuania
outline map of  cambodia








On the left is the outline map of Lithuania, and, on the right,  Cambodia. They have a very similar shape, if I may say.  They’re both wide on the upper part and slowly tapers at the bottom, almost like heart-shaped and carbon-copy of each other.


Sources: Outline Map of Lithuania, Outline Map of Cambodia.


By the way, if you are a fan of the Royal Family, Willa of the Postcard Perfect blog is giving away lots of  Royal souvenirs. Why don’t you check out her site. Just click the logo above this post or the one on my sidebar just below the blinking text.

Sunday, 24 July 2011

Sunday Stamps 026: Flamingo dance on Danish stamps




Here are the stamps used in the Rotskilde Domkirke postcard I featured in this week’s Postcard Friendship Friday (see previous post):

flamingo dance on danish postage stamp


The stamp on the left is a self-adhesive stamp used to accommodate the needs of customers for stamps in supplementary values. It was issued as part of the four set in 2010. The stamp on the right is a special stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of Copenhagen Z00 in 2009.  To mark the anniversary, the Danish Post issued a beautiful booklet disguised in zebra stamps. The booklet included stories and photographs of the Zoo (an important recreational oasis in the city, especially for families and kids) and sheetlets of four beautiful multi-coloured stamps, one shown above, featuring the flamingo dance.


The flamingos that strut around on the DKK 8.00 stamp live in the north-eastern corner of the Zoo. In the wild, the flamingos’ feathers get their pink hue from the microscopic crustaceans and algae that they consume. This is impossible in a zoo, so an alternative source of coloring has to be used. In the old days, the flamingos were fed paprika, but this proved ineffective and a special additive is now used. As soon as the air starts to warm up in spring, the flamingos start to dance. Stretching their legs and raising their heads high, they strut around, flapping their wings and turning their heads from side to side. This synchronized mating behavior ensures that the flamingos lay eggs that hatch at the same time. – Danish Postal Service

What gives this particular postcard more value is (aside from the cutesie smileys) the special red frank mark to the left to the left of the postcard. It’s written in French and the Khmer translation underneath it. It reads:

Journée Mondiale de la Poste (World Post Day)
9th October 1874-2008

I’ll try to remember the date for next year to get this special mark on the postcards for mailing :)

Saturday, 23 July 2011

Postcard Friendship Friday 042: The Cathedral of Roskilde

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This is my first postcard from Denmark – a snazzy illustration of the Roskilde Domkirke, or the Roskilde Cathedral on the city of Roskilde in the island of Sjælland (Zealand), located in the eastern part of Denmark.


Rotskilde Cathedral, Denmark

Built in the 12th-13th century, this is a cathedral of the Lutheran Church of Denmark and displays a mixture of Gothic and Romanesque architectural styles in its design. Originally, the Romskilde church was a Catholic cathedral but changed during the reformation period in 1536 to Protestant.


Romskilde was once the capital of Denmark for many centuries until the Danish Royal Family moved it to Copenhagen. Since the Reformation, Rotskilde Cathedral has been the burial site for the monarchs and a few medieval rulers, too.

The Cathedral is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995 and, as a tourist attraction, receives hundreds and thousands of visitors every year. The Cathedral is made of bricks and the iconic spires dominate the town’s skyline. Its high, white ceilings are decorated with red crests in each section.  The main attraction is the Chapel of Christian IV. The chapel, which houses his tomb as well as his queen, crown prince Frederick III and his queen, showcases walls painted in lush murals and the ceiling in blue with gold stars reminiscent of the Sainte Chapelle in Paris. The altar has a three-sectioned gold altarpiece that was made in Antwerp in mid 16th century is one of the church’s great treasures. It depicts Jesus Christ’s Way of the Cross.


By the way, the Cathedral is home to the world-famous boys' choirs, the Roskilde Cathedral Boys' Choir. The sender said  Rotskilde Domkirke is an amazing church and a must-visit when in Roskilde! She bought this postcard from a stall inside the Cathedral.



Wikipedia – fantastic photos here, too.   

Thursday, 21 July 2011

Postcard Perfect 021: Montenegro: The black mountains of Europe

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This postcard comes from a country that belongs to that part of Europe which fascinates me the most because of its history, politics, culture and oh-so-breathtaking beauty – the southeastern Europe. Friends, this is a mapcard of Montenegro.

Montenegro mapcard

After being part of “Yugoslavia,” then “Serbia and Montenegro,” the Republic of Montenegro (Republika Crna Gora, or Црна Гора, in Montenegrin script) officially declared its independence on June 3, 2006. Montenegro—or Crna Gora in the native language— means “Black Mountain,” from the days when sailors saw dark, thickly forested cliffs as they approached. Ironically, these trees no longer exist.


The map card shows us clearly its neighbouring countries – Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina on the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, and (although it doesn’t show) Albania to the southeast. It has  the coast of the beautiful Adriatic sea on the southwest. It’s capital and largest city is Podgorica,


My friend Ana sent this card to me when she was on summer holiday in Budva, the beach destination in Montenegro. She was gushing when she wrote to me that there is nowhere else that you can find so much natural wealth, beauty, mild beaches, and gorgeous mountains than Montenegro and she wanted me to see all that – right in this map card. It also shows the coat-of-arms of Montenegro. Need I say I was so jealous? I wish I could go on holiday there, too.  You can find the amazing Budva postcard she sent me here.


Hvala vam, dragi moj prijatelju, Ana.

Мојот драг пријател, Ана, Ви благодарам многу. Јас навистина го цениме твојата мисла во мене испраќање на mapcards. Дали навистина се како скапоцен камен на пријател.

P.S. If you would like to win fabulous Royal Wedding souvenirs, head on over to Postcard Perfect’s main site. Just click on the blinking, kick-ass badge on my side-bar for more info.

Sunday, 17 July 2011

Sunday Stamps 025: Philippine birds on stamps


This week I’m featuring stamps from my homeland. The following are definitive issues of Philippine birds:

barn swallow

Issued in 2007 in singles in sheets of 100 (10x10), in P5* denomination. It was reprinted in 2008.

Barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) are abundant visitors recorded from late July to early June, in a range of habitats from the coast to above the forest in high mountains. They are fast, graceful flyers that may be close to the ground or high in the sky. Deeply forked tail, dark breast band, and whitish or buff underparts that separate it from resident Pacific swallow. Barn swallows call musical twittering.



black-naped oriole

Originally an issue in 2007 in singles, this stamp is reprinted twice in 2008 marked “2008A” and “2008B”, still in P1* denomination.

Black-naped orioles are common and widespread in early second growth, open scrub and gardens, alone or in groups. It has a distinctive black and bright yellow plumage and its large size separates it from other species of orioles. This bird is fairly tame and noisy and can be heard from far away. Loud and pleasant pee-yaaaaooww or keeaaaooww call are repeated every few seconds often with several birds calling together.

* The currency in the Philippines is peso(s). Exchange rate is US$1=P43
* Info on stamps are from Philippine Stamps and Postal History

Postcard Friendship Friday 041: Corny Point lighthouse, South Australia

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A beautiful maxicard from Australia for this week’s Postcard Friendship Friday!
An acquaintance of mine who’s into geo-caching has an ambition of tracking down  Australia’s lightstations or lighthouses.  He is actually half-way there with so many documented in his caching site. He observes that most of the lighthouses in Australia have already been automated or  even shut down. Some, however, are still standing in their original locations and, sometimes, they are not in the best of condition. But this one shown in the postcard is an exception. It is still in good condition.

Lighthouse of Australia 
A lovely view of the Corny Point lighthouse  on the southernmost Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. Completed in 1882 and made of limestone quarried from a nearby farm. How postcard-pretty and the surrounding area is said to be excellent spot for camping or picnics, isn’t it?  On the other hand, I wonder how it looks like there on rainy/stormy weather!  Anyways, the stamp is one of the commemorative se-tenant pair issued in 1986 to mark the 150th anniversary of South Australia’s statehood.

A bit of history here: De-manned in 1920, the light continued to shine until 11 December 1942, when a Japanese invasion was feared and it was turned off for several weeks. It was converted to electricity in 1978. Entries from the light keeper's logs describe how it survived earthquakes and other natural phenomenon such as seeing meteors flying past. Today the lighthouse reserve is open to the public. (Source) 

More about the history and operations of the Corny Point lightstation can be found here.


There is something so romantic and yet so mysterious with lighthouses… I don’t know why it felt like that to me.

As far as I can recall, I’ve never been to one yet but I see them all the time – in pictures, TV, postcards, stamps, everywhere. I guess you can say that I am so drawn to them for some reason… there is some kind of magnet that draws me to lighthouses. I am intrigue by its stories. In my head I conjure images of romantic legends, heroic sagas, shipwrecks, and ghosts (!) with the lighthouse as the central figure, it’s beacon lighting the dark, foggy, stormy nights!

Tuesday, 12 July 2011

Postcard Perfect 020: Russia’s world-famous onion-domes

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I featured this postcard before but I’m posting it again today to join the Russian people in celebrating the 450th anniversary of St. Basil’s Cathedral.


St Basil's Cathedral on Red Square

The postcard shows the Red Square, the oldest and most historical part of Moscow and home to many popular landmarks. One of the most recognisable landmarks is the St. Basil’s Cathedral – you can’t miss those huge, brightly-coloured spiraling onion domes at the middle background of the postcard!  Commissioned by Ivan the Terrible and built on the edge of Red Square between 1555 and 1561, St. Basil's Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, is one of the most beautiful Russian Orthodox monuments and it is arguably the most famous tourist attraction on the Red Square . Perhaps it is  also the most photographed of all the landmarks there. Many people I know who had been to Russia never leave the country without a picture of them in front of St. Basil :)

Legend has it that on completion of the church the Tsar ordered the architect, Postnik Yakovlev, to be blinded to prevent him from ever creating anything to rival its beauty again. (He did in fact go on to build another cathedral in Vladimir despite his ocular impediment!) The cathedral was built to commemorate Ivan the Terrible's successful military campaign against the Tartar Mongols in 1552 in the besieged city of Kazan. Victory came on the feast day of the Intercession of the Virgin, so the Tsar chose to name his new church the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat, after the moat that ran beside the Kremlin. The church was given the nickname "St. Basil's" after the "holy fool" Basil the Blessed (1468-1552), who was hugely popular at that time with the Muscovites masses and even with Ivan the Terrible himself. (Source)


I would do anything – anything – just so I could visit the Red Square,  see St. Basil’s Cathedral (including its interior) and also have a look at Lenin’s mausoleum which is also a stone’s throw away from it. But with the notoriously cold, cold winter in Russia, I’m wondering if they have public outdoor fireplaces for visitors  to warm themselves while sightseeing. haha. I can only dream for now!


Look, even Google is paying tribute to St. Basil’s Cathedral today:

Google - St Basil's anniversary

Here’s an article about Russia’s celebration of St. Basil’s anniversary.


By the way, don’t forget to check out the cool stuffs at Postcard Perfect’s  Royal Giveaway! Just click the logo and it will take you to the information page. What are you waiting for, go now!


Monday, 11 July 2011

Monday mails

I went to the Post Office today to check if the ps3 hdmi cables I ordered online have already arrived. I bought it on behalf of my landlord’s son who recently received a PS3 on his 16rh birthday. He needed extra cables and since it is not available anywhere in the city, he asked me to help him purchase online.  Anyhoo, since I was at the Post Office, I also mailed the following postcards:

postcards for mailing

If I remember it correctly, there were two official Postcrossing postcards and four private swaps. I won’t name who the recipients are for  these private swaps to keep them guessing and build excitement, in case they come back to this blog :) Anyways, you know who you are, so, keep your fingers crossed!

Sunday, 10 July 2011

Sunday Stamps 024: Forever maroon and green!


I’m not sure if this fits the patriotic theme at Sunday Stamps but I’m going to post it anyway. Call it pride, whatever. Three years ago, the University of the Philippines celebrated its centennial and the Philippine Postal Corporation issued special stamps to commemorate this historic event.


UP Centennial on Philippine stamps
The stamp above is one of the four se-tenant stamps issued in 2008 and shows my Alma Mater’s seal (and in university colours, too).


The University of the Philippines (UP) is the country's premier university. It was established in 1908 by the American colonial government to provide quality education in philosophy, the sciences and the arts, as well as professional and technical training, to deserving students of all classes.  From a small campus in old Manila, with only 7 colleges, it has grown into a university system, with seven constituent universities located in 12 campuses throughout the Philippines.

– Philippine Stamps and Postal History

I’m so grateful for the education I obtained at UP. Free-tuition with all sorts of allowances for four full years, including summer classes. Too bad I could not go home to join the UP system-wide celebrations  but a super-senior friend kindly sent me a centennial shirt for souvenir. Super-seniors are students who take more than four years to graduate, hehehe.  They’re considered “ancient” in the campus and yet loved by many. I remember them being teased about getting a seniors life insurance in case anything happens to them while they’re still in their super-senior years. lol.


Anyways, I just want to show you the complete se-tenant block of commemorative stamps, all designs depicting the symbols of UP:


Clockwise, from top left: UP seal, UP Carillon,  UP Centennial Logo, and  UP Oblation. They’re all in P7 (peso) denomination [US$1 = P42)

PhilPost also issued First Day Covers, mini-sheets, and souvenir sheets along with the se-tenant stamps.

Saturday, 9 July 2011

Pink Saturday 018: Flowers

Pink Saturday

We rarely get to dine out these days… the hot weather makes us all tired.  But when the husband asked me out last week, I didn’t waste time saying “Yes!”. So we went to a restaurant offering Khmer-Thai food. Look what greeted us at the entrance…

pot of flowers


Assorted flowers in different shades of pink and purple. There are about four kinds of flowers in that giant pot, namely, bougainvillea, orchids, frangipani, and, of course, lotus. What a pleasant sight to look at but when one is  hungry – like we were that night – these pretty flowers didn’t catch our attention as we headed straight to our table.

When food was served, we immediately dug in! As usual, we ordered our favourites – spicy and juicy pork ribs BBQ, the creamy chicken amok, and the ever-present beef loklak.  I allowed myself to give in to my cravings – and thank heavens for the availability of safe weight loss pills in the market! They can be purchased right away when my weight starts to go up the weighing scale again :)

Friday, 8 July 2011

Postcard Friendship Friday 040: In love with Laos

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Here is a postcard I mailed to myself while holidaying in Laos with my husband in 2009:

Buddhist Monks in Laos

The postcard shows the tak bat. It is the Lao term for the morning rounds of monks. Buddhist monks go out of the wats (temples) quietly every morning to their community, on barefoot, to solicit or collect alms. These alms are in the form of food from the devout Buddhists who line their route, kneeling on mats. For the monks, it is the only food they get for that day. For the faithful, it is a chance to get good merits (Karma points, in other words). This is one of the beautiful Buddhist traditions and is arguably most photographed subject or as materials for most flyer printing designs there. Tak bat is observed in utter silence and has become one of the main tourist attractions in Laos, especially in Luang Prabang where the whole town is protected as a World Heritage Site.


Like it’s neighbours Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar, Laos practices Theravada Buddhism based on the earliest teachings of the Buddha and preserved in Sri Lanka after Mahayana Buddhism branched off in the second century B.C.

Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia and sits between the Mekong River and Thailand on the west, Vietnam on the east, and Cambodia on the south. In 1975, the Pathet Lao (Nation Lao) ended six centuries of monarchical rule when they triumphed in the revolution that established the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

The first time I went to Laos was in 2004 and I fell in love instantly with its laidback lifestyle, but, there are also a lot of  incredible and relatively unknown attractions in Laos. Despite the growing tourism industry, the country remains one of the unspoilt in Asia and life here has continued in much the same way as it has some hundred years ago.  The countryside is oh-so-beautiful (with green, green mountains!), the culture and heritage is rich and fascinating, and the people are among the friendliest in the region, if not the world.  Upon the suggestion of a former colleague who is based in the capital of Vientiane , we traveled like a local and had a fantabulous time! To those who want to experience Laos to the fullest, that is the best way to go… And my, was it lovelier the second time around!

Wednesday, 6 July 2011

Postcard Perfect 019: Emerald Isle

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My postcard for this week came all the way from the land of poets, writers, shamrocks, leprechauns, and St. Patrick – and oh, that accent, that accent  that only comes from.. I-R-E-L-A-N-D! 




An island country at the edge of Western Europe that has a long history, rich culture and heritage – and lots of drinking, I was told.  The weather may be awful on most days (says a friend who lives in Dublin) but it’s a lovely, mystical country, the greenest land in the whole world. No wonder it is called the Emerald Isle, the postcard shows off its wonderful greens.

Aside from English, Ireland’s official language is Irish, which is one of the longest surviving languages in the world. It is also known as also known as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic.

Monday, 4 July 2011

HIV and AIDS on Cambodian stamps launched officially

Last week I was on my way to meet some friends when I happened to pass by the Post Office. I caught a glimpse of MPTC’s official launching of a new set of  4v stamps commemorating the 30th anniversary of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. This is a worldwide campaign supported by UNAIDS, WHO, ILO, UPU and other international organisations supporting the HIV and AIDS cause.

I saw something with a bit of flame on one side of the makeshift stage – it’s sort of a propane fire pit used in the program to represent the millions all over the world who died of the dreaded AIDS.  I lingered a bit in the hope of getting the stamps but I was told that they will be for sale after the program. So anyway, I didn’t have the stamps yet but I was able to photograph the board with the enlarged pictures of the stamps displayed inside the Post Office.

launching of Cambodian stamps The stamp designs are to promote safe sex, monogamy, and faithfulness.

From left to right: 1000riels, 1500riels, 2800riels, and 4000riels in denominations.  A total of 80,000 of these stamps and 5,000 maxi cards depicting the two birds in the 4000riel stamp were issued. A First Day Cover was also issued but no souvenir sheet was released.


2011 HIV 500r cancelled stamp This is the design of the 500riel stamp that was rejected and never printed/issued.

Originally, there were to be a total of five (5) stamps in this set.  However, due to financial constraints, as well as concerns expressed by some officials of the NAA [National Aids Authority of Cambodia] over the image depicted in the 500 riel stamp (see below), only 4 stamps were finally issued. (Source)

What do you think of the design?

The MPTC also issued two A5-sized stickers in relation to the issued stamps.


The sticker on the left shows the 2,800r stamp together with Cambodian language text stating that you are at a higher risk of getting HIV if you inject illicit drugs.

The other sticker issued shows the 4,000r stamp cancelled with the commemorative postmark dated June 5, 2011.  Both stickers are being widely distributed to post office vans, motorcycle taxi-drivers, cyclos and applied to MPTC buildings throughout Cambodia.

The free sign is for the maxi cards that you see on the lower right-hand side of the picture. They are distributed to the public for free. All you need is to purchase the matching stamps and voila – you have a maxi card! I’m definitely going back there this week.

Saturday, 2 July 2011

Pink Saturday 017: Celebrating French-Khmer relations

Pink Saturday

We don’t have any pink today but we do have lots of red, white, and blue! There is a celebration of sorts in Phnom Penh. As you can see in the picture, the flags of Cambodia, France, and the European Union have been put up in the city’s main streets, namely Norodom and Sihanouk boulevards.

Celebrating Khmer-French relations
There were lots of buntings all over and streamers with the words “Vive La République Française!” and “Long Live Cambodia-France Relations!”.

By the way that’s a picture of the Cambodian Queen Mother Monineath. She celebrated her birthday last June 18. Behind that big structure is Hun Sen Park, with a lovely garden and walking and jogging paths that attracts a lot of people, locals and expats alike. This park is also close to the upscale neighbourhood with villas and houses for rent mostly for the expat market.

Friday, 1 July 2011

Postcard Friendship Friday 039: HIV and AIDS Epidemic: 30 years on and a death sentence no more

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Last Wednesday, June 29, the Cambodian Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications officially launched a new set of stamps (four), a First Day Cover, and a maxi card commemorating the 30th anniversary of the discovery of the HI-virus (HIV). I learned that this is incorrect. According to JournAIDS,  June is in fact the 30th anniversary of, specifically, the first recorded AIDS related deaths, not the anniversary of the discovery of the virus itself. Okay, I stand corrected (I hope the other journalists know of this, too). Anyways, to mark this worldwide campaign, there was a short program at the General Post Office at the French Quarter attended by a large group of people mostly from the health and NGO sectors and local people’s organisations wearing T-shirts printed with the AIDS logo  on the front. I was there but didn’t stay long enough to listen to the talks as I was meeting my friends Mumsified and PinayMum for coffee that morning.

Anyways, I went back this morning to ask about the maxi card, but to my disappointment, no one at the counter knew where they were. Que horror. So I went to the philately section instead to get several sets of old-issue stamps for a friend when the staff, who knew I am a regular at the PO, handed me this postcard:

Tuns out this is the maxi card (but without the stamp) I was looking for and it is for free! So I took about a dozen of them! lol. The maxi card depicts two birds shown on the  newly-issued 4,000riel commemorative stamp. Hurray for the maxicard, but where is the corresponding stamp? Well, I’m going back to the PO again to see if I could get the it and postmarks needed to complete the maxi card.

As noted in the UNAIDS, UPU, ILO and UNI Global Union guide for the Global HIV Prevention Campaign issued in July 2010, "In 2011, 30 years will have gone since acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, was first identified...As operators of the world's largest physical delivery network, Posts [postal services] have a unique opportunity to reach millions of people on a daily basis, including its own employees, to provide them with critical health information such as how to protect themselves from HIV." (Source)

A bit of info on HIV/AIDS in  Cambodia:

HIV/AIDS was first identified in 1991. Only a few years later, experts warned that the epidemic had taken off rapidly and that Cambodia risked becoming the Asian country with the worst AIDS problem. In response, the country attacked the epidemic vigorously, earning international recognition for its success. Between 1998 and last year, Cambodia dramatically reduced new infections and made anti-retroviral treatment widely available. By 2009, an estimated 93 percent of those eligible for AIDS drugs were receiving them. Still, Cambodia's AIDS epidemic, fueled largely by unprotected heterosexual sex between men and female sex workers, [recent data now include “men who have sex with men”] remains volatile and could spread rapidly without targeted prevention efforts, the new report says. (

Images by Freepik